Ultimate Guide to Road Bikes

Ultimate Guide to Road Bikes

When it comes to cycling, there are many different styles of bikes. Road bikes are one of the most popular types for a variety of reasons. They offer the perfect mix of speed and endurance that make them so well-loved by cyclists everywhere. In this guide, we’ll go over everything you need to know about road bikes: what they are, how they work, where to buy them and more!

Types of Road Bikes

There are a few different types of road bikes. The most common styles of these bicycles are

  • Endurance road Bikes are designed for long rides, and are typically built to last. Endurance Road bikes have a durable frame that is designed to be comfortable on longer distances. They also come with wider tires than other road bikes which offer more traction
  • Racing Road Bikes are the most common type of bike out there today, but they’re not usually recommended for beginners because they require some technical knowledge about how bicycles work in order to use them correctly
  • Aero road race Bikes typically have aero-bars which allow the rider to adopt an aerodynamic position. These bikes are designed for athletes who want to go fast over long distances

Road biking allows you to enjoy some of the most scenic routes around because they’re not always on busy roads like mountain biking can be. You’ll also notice that these types of bikes usually come with different kinds of gears, tires, frames, and even saddles than those found on other types or styles of bicycle.

Frame material

Road bikes are usually made from aluminum, steel or titanium frames and the material will vary depending on your budget.

  • Aluminum is cheap and durable but not too lightweight so it’s good for touring around with a heavy load
  • Steel has been used since the ’80s to make high end road racing bicycles because they’re still tough enough to resist damage while also being light weight and affordable
  • Titanium is very expensive but a great choice if you want something that can handle anything you throw at it without slowing down
  • Carbon Fiber is a new type of frame material that is extremely lightweight but also very expensive

Choose based on what you need – more budget oriented riders may opt for aluminum; enthusiasts who race competitively often like lighter, faster metal frames such as those made of steel or titanium.

Frame sizes

Road bike frames come in a number of different sizes, typically measured by the height of the seat tube. The size will determine how tall you have to be before you can comfortably ride your road bicycle without feeling like there’s too much weight on the handlebars or top bar (known as “the gruppetto”). If you’re just starting out then this probably isn’t something that concerns you- most comfortable riding bikes are designed for people between five feet and six inches and taller.

If it does concern you, some manufacturers may offer customizable sizing so if one doesn’t fit well they’ll let you swap everything over to another frame size instead.

Cranksets and Gearing

The crankset is what the pedals attach to and they’re usually all made out of metal. Road bikes will typically have three chainrings, although some cheaper models may only come with two or one. This means it’s much easier for them to change gears quickly without having to do any heavy pedaling in between shifts – perfect if you live somewhere hilly! The front gears are called cassettes (or just “cassette”s) because there isn’t a single gear on the bike that makes up each cog, instead it has lots of smaller cogs which make changing speeds smoother than if there was one big gearwheel. You’ll find different sized cassettes depending on whether your road bicycle is geared towards racing or touring – but most bikes will have a range of gears so that you can make it up any hill.


The pedals are in the middle and they’re what get your feet to go round and round when pedaling on your road bike! Road bikes use clipless pedals, which means there’s no strap holding them on. They usually come with two straps; one for going over each shoe – but if this feels wrong or uncomfortable then don’t worry because you’ll be able to adjust these once you’ve had some practice clipping in and out of them while riding around (and keep trying until you find something that works!). It may take a little time before feeling confident using clipless pedals, but it soon becomes second nature.

Chainring Teeth

Chainring Teeth is the number of teeth on the front sprocket. It is usually written as a single digit, such as 53 or 34. The higher this number is, the more gears you will have to choose from when riding up hills and vice versa for going downhill (this means that if your chainring has fewer teeth then it’ll be harder work but there are less chance of climbing).

Groupset / Drivetrain

Groupset / Drivetrain is the group of gears that make up your bike, such as derailleur system or a single chainring and no derailleurs.

This is also referred to as the gear range because it’s how many different types of gears you have available. For example, if you’re on a road bike with only one gear (i.e., fixed-gear) then this will usually be called ‘single speed’ – although some people call them track bikes!

The more expensive groupsets tend to include features like electronic shifting which requires little maintenance over time; lighter weight than older designs; increased power transfer efficiency and reduced internal resistance; less need for routine cleaning/lubrication during periods of inactivity ; smoother shift action due to use of ball bearings.

The more affordable groupsets are heavier weight and generally provide a less smooth shift action, but they are both durable and relatively easy to maintain as well as providing acceptable performance.

In the higher-end builds of road bikes, you’ll find that there’s an abundance of lightweight parts such as carbon fiber forks or frames; mostly narrow tires on high spoke count wheels for increased rigidity in the frame; hydraulic disc brakes which give improved braking power with no cable stretch over time while also being easier to adjust than rim brakes ; oversized handlebars which support laterally stiffer front ends when using wider tyres at lower pressure levels – giving better comfort from reduced vibrations/shocks .

Posted by
Clive Hirst

Clive Hirst was born and bought up in Frankfort, Kentucky. He was the only child of his parents. He graduated from Kentucky State University and did a major on Microbiology. He is a veteran cyclist and has travelled all across the United States. He is currently working as an assistant professor in a middle eastern College, somewhere in Kurdistan and he still loves cycling when he is not teaching his students.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.